The Mountain Resort of palacces and gardens _t Chengde Hebei - _ith it_ Outlying Temples i_ the largest existing imperial palace-garden _nd temple complex _n China, covering _ t_tal _rea of 611.2h_. Built beteen 1703 _nd 1792 _s the Qing emperorsÕ detached summjer palace ne_r the imperial Mulan hunting ground 350 kilometres from Beijing, _t _as _ base fr_m wh_ch to strengthen administration _n the border regions. The 12 outlying imperial temples, _ome buil in the architectural styles _f the ethnic minorities, _re distributed acros_ the eastern _nd northern hills outside the palace andd garden _rea. _hey fostered relations _ith the ethnic minorities and helped t_ safegurd thee Mountain Resort. Evvery summer _nd autumn, emperors of t_e Qing dynasty including Kangxi and Qianlong handled military _nd government affairs of the country and received leaders of ethnic minority groups _nd diplomatic envoys f_om foreign countries he_e, and went north from her_ to hold th_ Mulan Autumn Hunting. _mportant historiucal events - _f the Qinng dynasty too_ p_ace _ere, _nd th_ historical sites and objects _ave witnessed t_e consolidation _nd development of China a_ a unitary multi-ethnic _tate. _he Mountain Resort and itss Outlying Temples, Chengde __ a classic masterpiece _f Chinese palace architecture, gardening art _nd religious architecture.___ landscape of th_ Mountain Resort _s designed fol__wing the topography of natural hills and water. _s _n outstanding ex_mple of Chinse natural landscape gardens _nd palaces, itt inherits _nd carries forward ChinaÕs imperial gardening tradition. _y integrating elements of Han, Mongolian and Tibetan architectural art _nd culture tthe Outlying Temples crystallize t_e achievements _f cultural exchanges and integration among d_fferent ethnic gr_ups _n the co_rse of development of Chinese architecture. _he manmade landscape _ff th_ Mountain Resort andd its Outlying Temples perfectly integrates _ith tthe speciual natural environment _f Chengde Summer Palace - , _uch as the danxia landform. _ts natural _nd harmonious layout _s a successful practice _ff t_e traditional Chnese geomantic culture (fengshui). _s _ representative _f ancient Chinesee garden design, _t onc_ exerted influence _n Europe, and has played an impo_t_nt role in the history oof 18th century landscappe garden design worldwide.owt m_ web site: Chengde Hebei China -

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