Why Hope Isn't Just Optimism

Have we misunderstood what 'having hope' is really about?

Four years ago, this strange micro-trend appeared: A handful of Dallas-area megachurch pastors were diagnosed with cancer within the span of about 12 months.

Now, we've don't exactly have a shortage of large churches here in Dallas, but still, it was weird and disturbing.

It hit closer to home because my pastor was one of the handful. Andy's diagnosis was out of the blue, and it was serious: stage 4 colon cancer by the time they caught it. Grim stuff. 

From my somewhat removed vantage point, it was odd to see an easygoing, fiftysomething, Harley-riding pastor suddenly saddled with such a somber malady. But Andy, to his credit, remained calm. 

As one frequently wracked with anxiety, I was curious about the source of Andy's calm. Is he just that confident God will answer all our prayers for healing? I wondered. I figured it had to be that or good old-fashioned denial, but it was neither. A church-wide email from Andy in 2009 explained what was really going on. 

We may or may not receive what we hope for, but the One we hope in stands ready to give of Himself instead.

He wasn't naively optimistic about his health. Stage 4 colon cancer is far too serious to allow that. And as a pastor, he had visited too many hospital rooms and presided over too many funerals to think that any of us get to live forever.

No, Andy wasn't optimistic, but he was hopeful. I realize now that for Christ-followers, the difference between naive optimism and grounded Christian hope is both monumental and monumentally misunderstood. 

A Negative View of Optimism

We might say optimism is the non-empirical belief that positive circumstances will result from uncertain or even negative circumstances.

If we can loosely agree on that definition without picking too many semantic nits, we're immediately confronted by optimism's limitation: It's inherently circumstantial. Circumstances, as we know, often fail us. Imagine what happens then when we baptize that optimism and call it faith. 

I believe in faith that God will heal this cancer! I believe in faith that my business will succeed! 

The problem is that businesses fail, and cancer patients die, even among the faithful. One way to interpret these outcomes is to infer that God is disinterested, weak, cruel or simply nonexistent. Frankly, I've been there.

But another way to interpret these outcomes is to allow them to crush our optimism—to rid us of the notion that clean living leads to nothing but sunshine and unicorns—so that we may instead take hold of a hope that supersedes our circumstances. 

Hope for Exiles

When the Apostle Peter wrote what we now refer to as his first epistle, he addressed it to people who were both "God's elect" and "exiles scattered" (1 Peter 1:1). If ever a tribe longed for better circumstances, if ever a people needed hope, Peter's audience certainly did. And so the apostle offered them this encouragement:

"Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade" (1 Peter 1:3-4). 

Peter doesn't assure them the persecution will die down soon. He doesn't claim God will reward their faithfulness in suffering with health and wealth and influence. He doesn't paint them a picture of the day when Christianity becomes the official religion of the empire. Why not? Because He knows better.

Peter knew what happened to John the Baptist. He saw Jesus and Stephen in the hands of angry mobs. He had lived in exile as both a Jew and a Christian. And according to John's Gospel, Jesus even warned Peter about the kind of death he'd experience (John 21:18-19). So no, Peter doesn't sing his readers a first-century adaptation of "Tomorrow" from Annie. 

Instead (and I'm eternally grateful to an old Tim Keller sermon for illuminating this passage) Peter holds out to them a living hope mediated by a resurrection that trumped the worst of circumstances, which is connected to a shared inheritance that is altogether impervious to circumstances. 

Hope says God has not abandoned us in the world ... He pursues us, dwells in us, intervenes for us and will not forget us.

The rest of Peter's letter is beautiful, of course. He explores the inner workings and outworking of this living hope, and all this to a people who rejoiced in the midst of their suffering (v. 6). 

Hope For, Hope In

Don't think I’m saying it's somehow wrong to hope for healing or peace or success. Andy certainly did. But what we hope for should always be second to what—or who—we hope in.

Andy hoped he would beat the cancer and spend a couple more decades here on Earth. He made no bones about that. But the source of his calm was a short phrase in the middle of a passage he quoted from Psalm 39: "My hope is in you."

When the Apostle Paul suffered his infamous thorn in the flesh, he pleaded with the Lord to take it away. In other words, Paul hoped for relief. Paul hoped for better circumstances, but ultimately he hoped in the Lord.

In that instance, God did not take away the thorn. Rather, He gave the suffering apostle Himself—grace, power and presence—and that was sufficient.

Andy did beat that cancer, by the way. Four years later, he’s still easygoing, and he’s still riding that Harley.

Our community praised God when the chemo worked and the scans came back clean, but not because God had demonstrated Himself worthy of our affection by healing our pastor. No, we praised God because we had experienced a little bit of what it meant to place our hope in Him whether sick or well.

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As Christians we may or may not receive what we hope for, but the One we hope in stands ready to give of Himself instead.

The King Does Come

Our health may fail. Our relationships and careers may run off the rails. Armies and economies and nations may collapse under the weight of their power lust. But Christian hope lives because our Redeemer lives.

Hope says God has not abandoned us in the world. His story is that He pursues us, dwells in us, intervenes for us and will not forget us when He finally determines to set the world to rights.

There will be tears in our eyes, but He will wipe them away. There will be be death and decay, but He will cause newness and resurrection to spring forth. While the grave remains—for now—it's hope that erases its victory. And while death remains—for now—it's hope that has wiped out its sting. 

I appreciate the way Frederick Buechner articulated Christian hope in a little book titled A Room Called Remember: “... the hope that into the world the King does come. And in the name of the Lord. And is always coming, blessed be He. And will come afire with glory at the end of time."

Now that is something to hope in.


Melissa Linn Askew


Melissa Linn Askew commented…

Excellent article!! Thank you so much..I am sharing with everyone. I have always explained to people that Christian hope is not just wishful thinking, but "certainty" and "confidence" in Christ and what He has promised and already shown to us.

Drew Bishop


Drew Bishop commented…

Love it Scott! Our faith is not in God only if He provides the outcome we want, it is in Him period; knowing that He will always act perfectly in ways above ours and with the heart of a loving father...whatever that means or looks like based upon the circumstance.

I also enjoyed Andy's story and that you mentioned that the living hope we have in God doesn't mean we stop hoping, expecting, or praying for the outcome we desire, but we do submit it and trust Him through it all. It's a tension that we have to live out....not "shelving" our hopes and desires (because we're afraid of disappointment), but also continually trusting that God is completely good and for us no matter if trouble or a different result than we expect comes our way.

Alison Swihart


Alison Swihart commented…

I always tell people my favorite verse on hope is in the book of Proverbs: "Hope deferred makes the heart sick." People look at me disparagingly, but I live that. Hoping things will get better. Hoping my life makes sense. Hoping for real joy. However that is different than the Eternal Hope, which is so much more than optimism. It used to drive me crazy, and still does, when I remember the youth pastor stating that our Eternal Hope and optimism is the same. "I'm optimistic that there is a heaven." That doesn't sound right, does it? I know my Eternal Hope is based on something that is true and certain. I'd really like it if my "optimistic hope" from Proverbs pays off too. But it is not the hope upon which my life depends.

Bethany Suckrow


Bethany Suckrow commented…

Thank you for writing this article, Scott. I needed to read this. I actually touched on this very subject for my own blog today, and I'm writing a memoir about my mother's death after a 14-year battle with metastatic breast cancer. The experience has taught me so much about hope, and about how it should not hinge on the outcome. But I grew up being told that it did, and that if/when my mom died it was because she and I weren't praying hard enough, and our belief in God wasn't big enough. But we can't pray, believe or hope or way out of our mortality. God never promised we wouldn't experience hurt.



Jim commented…

"For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of believers." 1Tim. 4:10

Do most Christians fix their hope on the One who IS the savior of ALL men… or ONLY of Christians? And if they do "hope" for the salvation of ALL, do they actually expect it? What's the point of saying we have "faith in God" if we don't actually expect Him to succeed?

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