The Danger of Partisan Christianity

Why every issue doesn't fit a 'liberal' or 'conservative' label.

Refugees. Gun violence. Planned Parenthood. Tensions in Israel. Climate change. The Black Lives Matter movement.

Each of those issues—as well as countless others—all share two things in common: 1) They should each be important to the Church; and 2) Depending on what you think about them, you may either be labeled a “conservative” or a “liberal.”

And, to some Christians, either one of those labels may run counter to what they think a “Christian” should believe.

This is the big problem of partisan Christianity.

Two Worlds at War

Democracy—specifically a representative democratic republic like the United States—offers a lot of advantages when it comes to governance. It allows individuals to vote on officials, giving citizens a voice. But, it also empowers those elected leaders to make legislative decisions.

But no system is perfect. In the (primarily) two-party system that has evolved in the United States, polarization has become encouraged. The two main political parties—Republican and Democrat—are constantly in competition for power and votes. It’s in both parties’ favor to seek to differentiate itself from the other, instead of seeking common ground.

The more they can demonize the other side, the more voters they can potentially bring into their party.

Too often, broad labels discourage thoughtful dialogue in favor of political groupthink.

Accordingly, Republican and Democrat leaders rarely agree on political issues. And often, once one party attaches itself to a certain position, the other takes the opposite side.

Of course, there are overarching values and ideologies that inform the policies of both parties. But trying to attach complex, nuanced, social and economic issues to broad ideological labels is problematic. Many issues don't fit neatly into pre-fit, idealogical boxes. Too often, broad labels discourage thoughtful dialogue in favor of political groupthink.

And for Christians, the stakes are especially high. When a political affiliation becomes conflated with a faith position, the message of the Gospel can become mixed with the message of political party.

Nuanced Opinions

Toss out a Facebook comment on any of today's hot-button issues, and there’s a decent chance you will either be labeled a liberal or conservative in the ensuing comment discussion.

But why should that be the case? Why should a single opinion on a single issue make someone think you agree with every other issue associated with that political party?

When did it become unacceptable to think for yourself and form your own opinions instead of just toeing the line of a certain political party?

Thanks to the hyper-polarizing, super-competitive onslaught of political messages, most Americans have been brainwashed to view every issue through two lenses: liberal or conservative.

This is what the parties want. Our system encourages clear idealogical battle lines. After all, at the ballot box, we (for the most part and especially at the federal level) aren’t voting on individual issues; we’re voting on candidates who represent a party.

Followers of Christ shouldn’t view issues through the lens of liberal or conservative. We should only see them through the lens of the Gospel.

But this tactic can trick us into believing that everything we read, watch or hear about a social issue is part of a hidden political agenda, attempting to sway our entire ideology.

The Church, however, should approach things differently: Followers of Christ shouldn’t view issues through the lens of liberal or conservative. We should only see them through the lens of the Gospel.

The Church is the Body of Christ and is called to do the work of God on earth—not of a political party. That means we need to look at each individual issue with biblical discernment, no matter what the political implications are.

Trapping Jesus

The conflation of political affiliation and religious devotion isn’t new. In fact, it was one of the earliest traps the enemies of Christ tried to ensnare Him with.

Part of the reason Jesus infuriated people in power was because He refused to do their bidding. He served a higher calling than any man’s or institution's.

The Pharisees famously tried to, in the words of Matthew, “trap Him in His words.” They asked Jesus, “Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not?”

It was a question they hoped would trick Jesus into taking a volatile political position: If He answered "no," He’d be running afoul of the rule of the Roman empire; If He said "yes," then He could be seen as essentially agreeing to help fund the oppression being inflicted on His own people.

But Jesus knew better than to take a political position in this case. He knew He wasn’t actually being asked about a single issue. He was being asked to take a side. Jesus was wise enough not to take the bait.

Matthew writes,

But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, ‘You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me? … Show me the coin used for paying the tax. Whose image is this? And whose inscription?’ ‘Caesar’s,’ they replied. Then He said to them, ‘So give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.’ When they heard this, they were amazed. So they left Him and went away.

At a trial before His crucifixion, Jesus was brought before Pilate. During His questioning, Pilate seemed baffled that Jesus wouldn’t clearly state what His political agenda actually was. It was hard for the Roman ruler to grasp that politics had nothing to do with the real agenda of Christ. Here’s the exchange:

Are you the king of the Jews?”

“Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”

“Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?”

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Jesus said, “My Kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my Kingdom is from another place.”

“You are a king, then!” said Pilate.

Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”

Even back then, the idea of serving an agenda bigger than a political one seemed foreign. But Jesus was making one thing clear: His Kingdom was not of this world. His message did not fit neatly into a political ideology—but it didn’t need to.

His Good News did not serve to promote politicians or powerful people. It served to promote the idea that God’s love extended to everyone, especially the “least of these” that have no power.

Serving the Kingdom

We shouldn’t be afraid to get involved in politics or discussions about political issues. But, while forming our judgements and opinions, we can’t be such a slave to a label that we lose sight of something Jesus wanted His Church not to forget: Yes, we are called to build a Kingdom, but this Kingdom is from another place.

This Kingdom is not of this world.

Top Comments

Jackson Dame


Jackson Dame commented…

I agree with the underlying thesis, but I think the more important issue is actually applying this to Evangelical culture. We can say that we should vote according to "The Gospel" until the cows come home, but that means nothing when "The Gospel" is always equated with one side. We'll never break free of Partisan Christianity until we stop equating a certain political party to our faith. There's something wrong with how Christians do politics when voting a certain way automatically calls a person's faith into question. "How could you possibly vote for so-and-so and still be a Christian?" As long as that trend continues, people will continue to be alienated unnecessarily. And that's clearly anti-Gospel.

Stefan Stackhouse


Stefan Stackhouse commented…

One of the reasons I am a registered Independent is precisely so that I can think and speak freely and critically about these public policy issues without having to worry about whether or not I am conforming with a party platform or passing anyone's litmus test. There are some issues where BOTH parties are in the wrong, and I want to be in a position where I can say so.


Chris Marcie Cottrell


Chris Marcie Cottrell commented…

The Faithful American electorate is very conflicted when it comes to voting. In the Eastern part of the country, Orthodox Jews and Catholics tend to vote Democrat in large numbers. Protestants tend to vote GOP. Sometimes it is hard to figure if ones politics determines the Denomination they belong to or vis a versa.

Doug Barr


Doug Barr commented…

The danger of Christianity is it helps divide humanity.

David Ish


David Ish commented…

I live in Pgh Pa I have visited 30 (estimated) congregation. They are only interested in money and want the "Brady Bunch".

80% of Xtian in SW PA are right-wing in views. NO DEVIATIONS from the "party-line" allowed. Among these are WORD-FM and Bellefied Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh Pa. I hand delivered items I found on the internet about Xtian and social items three times. I was arrested for "Stalking". Item that was described by the police officer as "Liberal Propaganda".

Is it any wonder that Americans are "walking away" from Xtianty (especially millennials who are progressive in views of economic and social issues)?

Keith Radke


Keith Radke commented…

Simply put, religion - especially Christianity - is partisan. While Christians are not called to be offensive in our views, we cannot avoid being offensive when views on individual human rights/liberty, abortion/sanctity of life, marriage/sexuality, etc, are not neutral views.

Kirk Wester


Kirk Wester replied to Keith Radke's comment

Respectfully, Keith, though the issues you have raised are legitimate struggles we must consider that there are equal issues on the other side that could yield the same conclusion: the taking of life in any form (i.e., capital punishment, war) and the lack of care for the poor, vulnerable and the immigrant. It's complicated, I understand Philip Maher's question above. In the end, our loyalty is not to a country but to our God. Unfortunately, we often forget this and replace love with our need to"be right". Both parties are way off track in some aggregious ways and also tremendously right in others. This requires a very prayerful response.

Shae Murphy


Shae Murphy replied to Kirk Wester's comment

I am not aware of any issue that is as important as the mass slaughter of innocent children. And just because the Democrats have policies that seem compassionate about the poor, illegal immigrants, etc, does not mean that those policies are more Biblically based. In reality those policies foster dependency and other evils.

Shae Murphy


Shae Murphy commented…

I don't know a single major issue on which the Democratic party is closer to having a Biblical position than the Republican party. In every case the Republican party is more Biblically aligned than the Democratic party.

If the murder of 56 million innocent children through abortion does not disqualify the Democratic party from the Christian's support, nothing will. What abortion has done to children is nearly 10x worse than Hitler did to the Jews, yet some Christians still support them.

It would be great if the Democratic party was not so adamantly anti-Christian, so a Christian could consider voting for either party.

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