The 6 Things that Divide Christians

A look at the big areas where we disagree.

One of the dominant attributes of Christianity today is that its adherents can’t seem to agree on much; or at least, we fight about things more loudly and publicly than we agree about things. This is sad—but probably inevitable. Since Christ’s time on this planet, His followers have been arguing about almost everything. It’s nothing new, though certain technologies (the blogosphere, Twitterverse, etc.) seem to amplify it today. We argue about all sorts of things—small, large, petty, important. We argue about “essentials” and “nonessentials,” and even about who decides which is which. The following is a solemn reflection on the things that divide us the most these days. What can we do to have better dialogue about these things?

1. Homosexuality. This is an explosive issue and is only going to get more explosive within the Christian church in the years to come. It’s the single biggest challenge facing the Church. What to do about gay marriage? Gay ordination? Homosexuality in church congregations? Legal issues related to nonprofit status? There are Christians on all sides of the issue, and it’s not an easy one to have civil, loving discussions about. It’s an issue that has already divided countless denominations, led to splits/schism and created a sort of line-in-the-sand litmus test between conservatives and liberals.

2. Universalism. The recent blow-up over Rob Bell’s Love Wins is just the tip of the iceberg on this one. Shortly after Justin Taylor’s first “shot heard round the world” post about “Universalist?” Rob Bell, theologian Scot McKnight wrote on his blog that “Universalism, or at least the prospect of it, is the single most significant issue running through the undercurrent of evangelicalism today.” It’s an issue that gets right to the heart of the question of orthodoxy. Are Christians who believe God will eventually save all humans (Muslims, Atheists, etc.) indeed heretics? Lines have been, and will be drawn in the sand on this issue.

3. Politics. The hyper-partisan atmosphere (fueled by a media that feeds on divisiveness) of contemporary politics has already wreaked havoc within Christianity, where Christian leaders and many churches seem to be more vocal about aligning with one or the other side of the political spectrum. As the evangelical left continues to grow, and more and more Sarah Palin-type Republican “Christian” politicians scare younger evangelicals away from the GOP, the tension will only become more apparent. Generational and regional divisions will only be amplified, as will the rural/urban disconnect.

4. Evolution. This has been a divisive issue for a long time, and continues to be. If the recent Christianity Today cover story on the historical Adam is any indicator, there are going to be some serious showdowns in coming years between the theistic evolution/BioLogos camp and the more conservative anti-Darwinist camps among evangelicals. As science continues to raise questions about biblical claims (about creation accounts, floods, etc.), the classic tension between science-faith is only going to become more exacerbated.

5. Women in Ministry. Evangelical writers and students like to talk about this issue in terms of “egalitarian” vs. “complimentarian,” but essentially it’s a debate about the role of women in church. Can they be leaders? Pastors? What kind of pastors? Are there distinct roles for men and women, both in the married relationship and in the church? This issue always gets Christians riled up, and denominations have formed (more or less) around their position on this issue. The recent pseudo-debate among Christian women discussing “Christian feminism” (see posts by Rachel Held Evans and Caryn Rivadeneira) is but one recent example of how explosive questions of women’s roles in the church and society can be for Christians.

6. The Internet. This may seem like a strange thing to blame for divisiveness, but I’m more and more convinced that the Internet and its accompanying glut of niche communities, insular blog networks and an almost requisite mode of mud-slinging discourse has caused all sorts of fragmentation and dissension in the Church. The Internet has made neo-Calvinism a “thing,” given rise to theological flame wars, and contributed to the rendering-obsolete of the local church. In our RSS, follow-who-you-want world, we consume media and discourse that more often than not simply affirms our established positions, and it’s easier than ever to identify ourselves in terms of the particular beliefs that set us apart, rather than those that bind us together with the larger Christian world.

What other things would you include on this list? How can we improve our discussions of these issues? Let us know in the comments, and besure to check back tomorrow as we take a closer look at the six key things that can unite Christianity. 

Brett McCracken is the author of Hipster Christianity (Baker, 2010) and a regular blogger. You can also follow him on Twitter: @BrettMcCracken. This article is reprinted from his blog with permission.

98 Comments

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jill commented…

how about the Eucharist? it is handled so differently accross all forms of Christendom- some churches allowing anyone who has been baptised at all to receive from the Lord's Table (such as the Anglican Community) to other extremes where you have to be baptised in the present church in order to receive. Also, the purpose of the Eucharist and what it entails. Is it a mystery? Does it actually embody Christ physically? Is it merely a symbol? I think all of this has the potentail to add to the richness of celebrating the sacrament with our fellow saints around the world- regardless of church.

84,868

Hunter commented…

I think the reason he stated that was because most political Christians ARE Sarah Palin-like people.
And also, i think the reason he used quotes in "Christian" is because God clearly states for us to stay clear of any sort of government power.

Just my two cents,
Hunter

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Fr Smith commented…

As a Catholic, I would frame the first and foremost thing to divide Christians: the issue of Authority. By whose authority does anyone decide what is consistent with what Christ has revealed? For us, the Authority is the entire Church, as that deposit of faith has been handed down since the Apostles. The role of the Pope is merely to make sure that Revelation is handed down to one more generation.

Cynthia Baker-Stroud

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Cynthia Baker-Stroud commented…

Again thank you for these great articles, discussions, thoughts, feelings, beliefs . . . my comment is on Science of the past/Science of the world today. Far too many scientists believe they ARE God. Far too many geneticists think they can create far better 'things' that the good Lord created perfectly in the beginning of time to the end. It's like slapping God's face for them to believe "I can make a better ________ you fill in the blank; they've now cloned sheep, goats, cats, and God knows what all. They'd like to clone themselves, many of them are so filled with pride and selfishness. So, scientists (many of them) believe they are God asking questions like where did outer space come from? Where do 'aliens' live? . . . and comments like 300 billion years ago the earth looked like this. How do they know what the earth looked like 300 billion yrs. ago, were they there? and this so-called carbon dating is also a bunch of mindless rhetoric. Oh and let us not forget evolutionists belief that we all evolved from Apes??? If we did evolve from apes, why aren't apes still turning into people? Black holes, seriously dude, I mean REALLY??!!! Stop playing 'God' with peoples lives, and please stop thinking you are God, these belief systems have only destroyed our land, our air, our water and every living creature the good Lord in heaven put on this planet! Live by the 'sword', Die by the 'sword'? just sayin'

Marc Servos

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Marc Servos commented…

I'm writing this comment in 2014 as I'm seeing this 2011 article for the first time. Yes, Christians are divided over these areas plus many more. When they talk about the basic common beliefs based on Jesus Christ and not go deeper, there is not too much of a problem to that. But over time, I've seen too much focus on what divides us and behave the opposite of what Christ taught, often in His name. Sure, I have my views that not all other Christians will agree with me on, and I'm a bit on my guard when with other Christians and in a church (-related) environment. But shouldn't we focus on what is more important, reflected on our common beliefs of God's/Jesus' love and strive to emulate it, not on petty issues that we treat more importantly?

Let me give my two cents' worth on politics and church. The quotes pertaining to Sarah Palin "Christians" show a political bias. Okay, fine if the writer feels that way as some people do. To get away from that in particular, I've noticed church have become political to the point where issues that are addressed reflect those of the party they support but ignore issues that the other side supports. Seeing that largely in America, I have to say that I'm happy to be away from that since I'm living abroad (I remain American). Biblical principles, whether they are literal or symbolic, are to be addressed, not just those that supports a political agenda.

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