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Exploring the New Monasticism

Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove talks about a new trend based on an ancient movement that may be changing the church.

The topic of new monasticism has been gaining popularity with many
evangelicals forgoing a "traditional" American lifestyle in favor of urban,
commune-style groups and intentional communities. From the JPUSA community in
Chicago (the people behind the Cornerstone Festival) to Shane Claiborne
and the Simple Way community in urban Philadelphia, city-based
communities of faith—monasteries—are becoming increasingly common. We
spoke with Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove, author of the upcoming book The Wisdom of Stability (Paraclete Press) and leader of a new monastic community in North Carolina about
how the movement is growing, why it’s becoming some so popular and what
its prominence says about the Church.

New monasticism has been in the news a lot lately. Why do you think it has become such a popular topic?

I think one thing is that the monastics have taken faith seriously, and
a lot of people are spiritually hungry and have a sense that normal
churches are not taking church seriously. They’re looking to other
places, and the monastics are one place.

I think another reason the monasteries are getting attention is
because they pay such close attention to community, and we have a
pretty individualistic popular religion, but the monastics have paid
attention to community, and I think people are attracted to that.

What is the draw of twentysomethings to the house-church/monastic movement?

Authenticity is a big deal for most twenty-and-thirtysomethings. I
think the sort of one to one relationships and smaller groups that you
get in a community is attractive in terms of authenticity. I think
another piece is that people are hungry for something that is more than
a one time a week event, but something that they can be part of
everyday.

A recent report shows that some of the major denominations have
seen a decline in membership. Do you think people are looking for a new
way of experiencing faith and community?

There are two things:
One, I think the denominations are concerned about the decline in
numbers and worried about their survival. And some of them are
interested in new forms in order to try to sort of save the Church. I’m
not so concerned with trying to save the Church, but rather with people
finding authentic relationship with God. I think a lot of those people
are looking for new forms and new monastic communities are one place.
Whether it will save the denominations I don’t know, but I do hope it
will give people a genuine relationship with God.

As prominent as new monasticism has become, the Catholic Church
has said that nuns and monks have been on a drastic decline. Is there a
disconnect with the traditional kind of monasticism with today’s
culture?

I think traditional monasticism is so far from most people’s experience
that it’s almost scary. Most people think that the monks are in a
different class or something, but yes they aren’t getting a whole lot
of new members these days. And you know they’re thinking a lot about
that too—what that means for them. What I’ve been saying is that I
think there’s a new
monastic movement that looks a lot more like some of the traditional
orders when they started than now. So it’s sort of in a birthing phase
now and what it will become remains to be seen.

For twentysomethings that want to experience a more
monastic-style life, how can they still have some sort of leadership
and accountability structure when it comes to “church”?

It is
important for communities to be accountable to the Church, and I always
encourage new communities to be in partnership with the local church. I
don’t think what these communities are doing is replacing the Church.
The monastic communities have never done that. So different
denominations think about this differently, but I think having some
kind of relationship with the local church is important.

From your research, what has been the most surprising part of the new monastic movement?

Well, one is how old it is. What I found when I started looking into
the history of these communities is that new monasticism is actually
about 80 years old; so it’s not all that new really, but in terms of
Church history I think its still a new movement.

Do you think that monasticism is a kind of antitheses to the megachurch movement and maybe even a counter action to it?

I don’t want to be a critic of the megachurch as a whole, but I think
that new monasticism is a response to individualistic and consumer
driven Christianity, some of which you find in megachurches, but you
also find that in good old mainline Protestant churches that have been
standing in the middle of town for 200 years.

Does your research indicate there has been any backlash to the
political involvement of some larger denominations and evangelical
groups?

Well, I think a faith that is politically engaged is something that I,
and most people in communities are interested in. Now when some
churches have become puppets of political parties, I think there’s some
backlash to that. Whether that is conservative churches backing the
religious right or mainline churches just being sort of a gathering
place for the Democrats, either way I think there’s some reaction
against that.

20 Comments

85,004

Derek commented…

It was Kierkegaard's critique against an over-rationalized Christianity (see: Danish Lutheran Protestantism), or "Christendom" as he called it, that drew me to the Orthodox Church, which is radically open to the sense of the deep mystery and paradoxes of God and His relationship to His creation. I've read quite a bit of Kierkegaard myself, and, in my opinion, if he would have known about the Orthodox Church, he would have probably considered joining it, especially given its Hesychast tradition (which emphasizes quietude/silence), which is right there with his insights on Johannes De Silentio. The other thing I should add: Much of what people think is original in Kierkegaard, like the paradoxes of the faith, truth as subjectivity, transcending the "aesthetic" mode of existence (life of the passions), Scripture as directly speaking to the individual (not as an object of scientific study), is already found in the writings of ancient and contemporary Orthodox saints and ascetics, most notably in the collection of the Philokalia.

Krempel

14,046

Krempel commented…

wonderful reply Derek. All of the things you mentioned also are what helped draw me to Orthodoxy. I have found that, taking into consideration all of what you said (especially the notion of Mystery and Paradox), Apophatic theology is the most compelling way of "getting at" God.

85,004

bahnsen commented…

Wow--we learned in seminary this sort of anabaptist break from the church catholic historically has led to all sorts of heresies like gnosticism due to the hyper individualism it seeks to avoid by "being in community" (a concept I remember from Bonhoeffer). It also appears that the desire fro authenticity (leftover from existentialism?), transparency, intentionality and all those other postmodern expressions are due to perhaps the rotten family lives and horrible program driven megachurch environments many grew up in. I bring up gnosticism because it usually revolves around a charismatic leader who doesn't want to submit to authority. The charge could be leveled against the reformation, but those men sought to be under the authority of Holy Scripture. I applaud those that seek such accountability via Rome or the Orthodox, but I recommend a good reformed and presbyterian church, where authentic Christianity is fostered and reformation preaching is heard, but don't take my word for it, search the Scriptures authentically and be relational by telling others about the sovereignty of God and be missional by seeking those to tell and be transformational by seeking to be changed by the Holy Spirit.

85,004

Miguel commented…

This comment is great and sounds a lot like the writings of St. Jos Mara Escriva, the founder of Opus Dei, a Catholic lay movement whose main emphasis is in striving for holiness in the ordinary.

85,004

Laferneyryan commented…

I live in a intentional christian community in KC. This community is a commonwealth. Exuberant and joyful in its worship, inclusive, affectionate in friendship and centered on mutual aid, it answers the needs, practical as well as social and spiritual, of its members to the best of its abilities. The results are at times messy but because we recognize the Grace that God has given us, we are able to venture forth in the awareness of God's love, which grants us strength. As Scott Russell Sanders states: taking part in the common life means dwelling in a web of relationships, the many treads tugging at you while also holding you up. I think that New Monasticism or whatever you want to call it, has many vital implications. I yearn for authenticity, accountability. I need these things. Living in community that is Christ-centered, helps one to be christ-centered, to be visible, to not retreat to the darkness. It is the antithesis to a culture of individualism. Collectivity binds us through the Spirit.

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